佛学入门 > 佛学常识 >

禅修是什么?(中英双语)

2018-05-23  [佛学常识]

禅修是什么?明海法师讲禅修(中英双语)

  现在我们开始讲禅修。禅修是让我们永远活在当下,专注所做的每件事。每个当下保持正念,这就是禅修。禅修有两个重点:第一是专注,第二是从对过去与未来的恐惧、担忧、焦虑中解脱

  So now we have touched Zen’s practice. Zen’s practice is to always live at the present time, to concentrate what you are doing. That’s the Zen’s practice. In this practice there are two important points: One is concentration and the other is to be free from the fear, worry, anxiety about past and future.

  对过去,我们可能常常会后悔,或者产生其他情绪。对未来,又常常太在乎结果。我们做任何事,通常都会有两种结果,比如比赛,输和赢。日常生活中,你们有没有注意到,自己的心常常担心结果到底会向哪个方向发展?在学校需要面对考试,考试的时候就担心是否能通过。我不太了解德国的情况。在中国,每年夏天6月7日到9日,这三天时间对很多年轻人来说是最重要的。很多人都需要经历这个夏季的高考决定他们未来的命运。你们可以想象一下,在这种情况下,他们大多数人都会在考试之前就很担心结果。

  As for the past, maybe very often it brings us some regrets or many other emotions; for the future, you will be attracted by the result. Everything you do very often have two results: for the games to win or to lose. In everyday life, have you noticed your mind always worrying about the result in these two directions? In school, you have to face the examinations. When facing examination, you will be worried about whether you will succeed or failed. I am not so familiar with your country’s situation. In China, every summer in June, from 7 to 9, three days are the most important days for young people. Many of them will pass through the summer examinations which will decide their future fate. So you can imagine, on this occasion, most of them will be worried about the results at the beginning of the examination.

  每次做一件事的时候,很可能一直都在担心结果:担心会是谁,什么时候,这样还是那样……这就意味着每天每时每刻的不同选择都会带来焦虑、紧张和压力,身心俱疲。所以禅修首先是训练专注力,同时内心远离对未来的焦虑不安。或许有人很难想象一个人可以有这样的心境:不再担忧未来,也不被过去的情绪困扰,但事实上这种心境每个人都有。修禅正是为了帮助我们找到这种内心的状态,远离担忧、焦虑、种种情绪困扰。

  Each time when you do something, very probably you will lose yourself in the worry about the result, who, when, this, that. That means everyday, every moment, different choices will bring anxiety, tension and pressure, both in physical and mental. So Zen’s practice is the first training of concentration, at the same time to be free from the kind of inner anxiety about the future. Maybe someone cannot imagine that kind of condition which is free from worrying about the future or emotion in the past, but it exists in everyone. The task of Zen’s practice is to help us to find that inner condition, which is free from all the worries, anxieties and emotional intention.

  事实上,我们在生活中会遇到很多逆境,无论在学校还是在未来的生活中,都需要面对。我们需要做好准备,需要担心很多事情,所以我觉得现在对我们来说最重要的就是清楚地了解自己的心,了解自己。禅宗认为,心如明镜,能够照见一切。但常常因为我们内心的执著,看不到很多事情,而只能见到某些特定的方面。这种情况下,内心的镜子就不起作用,我们也不能完全认识到观心的益处。

  As a matter of fact, there are so many battles in our life, both in school and in the future life you have to face. You have to do preparation and you have to worry about many things. So I think the most important thing for us now is to know clearly about our spirit, our mind, to know about ourselves. Zen’s teaching tells us that our mind itself is a sparkling mirror which reflects everything. But very often because of many attachments lying inside, we will ignore many things and be attached with some special objects. On that occasion, that mirror inside can not work, or can not see its benefit totally.

  刚才,我们讨论了比赛队员的心态。佛教称这种心态为“三摩地”,意思是专注、觉知、正念。在专注和放松的这种情况下,内在的创造的能量都能释放出来。对我们来说,如果你的训练还不到位、还不充足,那当你专注于事物时,你会因为担忧结果而紧张。而这种紧张,会降低我们创造的能量。

  Just now we have discussed on the spiritual condition of the team members. In Buddhism, we call this kind of spiritual condition “samadhi”, which means concentration, awareness, mindfulness. Both on the occasion of concentration and relaxation, that inner energy of creation will be liberated. For us, if you have not practiced well, very often when you concentrate on something, because of worrying about the result, you will become tensed. And this kind of tension will reduce our energy of creation.

  如果你想专注,那就要放松,这样你的创造力就会释放。但经常是我们想要放松的时候,却失去了创造力或专注力。那就意味着你没有办法让自己的注意力稳定。这正是我们的问题。禅修可以帮助我们解决这个问题,可以让我们的心解放,回到它的本来面目,我们把这种本来面目叫做心性。所以你们可以了解到,禅修是多么重要。

  If you want to concentrate, you will not be tensed and your energy of creation will be detached. Very often when we want to become relaxed, we lose that creative energy or concentration. That means you cannot keep your attention stable. That’s our problem. To do Zen’s practice can help us to solve this problem, to free our spirit back to the essence, which we call the essence of our mind. So you can see how important Zen’s practice is.

  文章转自微信公众号:生活禅读书会

热文推荐

  • 如何烧香?最全的烧香图解(内附视频)

      如何烧香?一、上香时,用大拇指、食指将香夹住,余三指合拢,双手将香平举至眉齐,观想佛菩萨显现在我们的眼前,接受香供养。二、如果人很多时,将香直竖向上,以免烧到他人,然后走到距佛像三步远的距离,举香观想拜佛。三、上香时以一支为宜,若要上三支香,则将第一支香插中间(口念,供养佛)、第二支香插右边(口念供养法)、第三支插左边(口念供养僧)、合掌(供养一切众生,愿此香华云,遍满十方界,供养一切佛,尊法诸贤圣)。

  • 为什么诵经拜佛会改变人的命运?

      学佛的人都知道,人的命运是掌握在自己手中的,我们种下什么因,就得什么果。种善因得善果,种恶因得恶果。因果从未欺骗过众生,惟人自欺,无视因果。到头来,果报还是要自己承受的。我们常听到“业因”和“业果”这两个名词,而“业”又是我们的身口意所造作出来的,当产生结果的时候,就是业果。

  • 什么是布施?

      布施,六度之首,即以自己所有,普施一切众生,内容分为财施、法施、无畏施。佛教的布施是要人学习舍弃悭吝之私念,但布施的来处,必须是清净的,不违反国家的法律,同时施者心不骄慢,受者心怀感恩,是「能施、所施及施物,于三世中无所得;我等安住最胜心,供养一切十方佛」的清净布施。

  • 如何持咒?持咒的方法和注意事项

      咒最大的作用就是断除妄想,去除思虑。持咒,要注意三点:无断,无虑,无住。也即是,无间断,无思虑,无留住。1 无间断:念咒有四步:受—读—诵—持。受:先要找一个,自己喜欢的咒语,最好有一定的长度的,比如宝箧印,大悲咒,佛顶尊胜。

  • 诵经有哪些诀窍?诵经的十二条诀窍

      1 专诵一经:有的人选诵好几本经,有的人选诵一本经,我建议你专诵一本,除非已经诵得很习惯的不勉强,为什么要专诵一本?它的利益在哪里?因为一经通,则窍窍通,所以一悟了就悟了。那你诵那么多经的意义是什么呢!事实上还是要大彻大悟啊!所以诵一经能开悟,诵那么多经也能开悟,但是诵一经比较容易契入,诵多经很难契 入,除非这一经已经通达了。

精彩文章

  • 南传佛教与原始佛教有什么不同?

    (陈兵)  问题:南传佛教与原始佛教有什么不同?陈兵教授答:南传佛教不是原始佛教,是部派佛教里上座部的一派。在学界,原始佛教跟部派佛教有什么不同,日本人研究得非常清楚,木村泰贤是专门研究这个问题的,其专著《原始佛教思想论》、《部派佛教思想论》讲得很清楚,认为原始佛教非小乘非大乘而包括小乘、大乘,部派佛教纯为小乘。

  • 功夫成片 生死自在

    (则悟法师)  古德说:“念佛不在嘴,参禅不在腿”。有的人念佛很精进,但只注重念了多少声佛号,如此空有数量、没有质量的念,就会事倍功半。念佛人要一切时、一切处,将一句佛号念到底,恒常忆佛念佛,发勇猛心,勤求忏悔,把我们散乱、攀缘的心收回来安住在佛号上,念到功夫成片,生死就自在了。

  • 贪求五欲是障道的根本,是流转生死轮回的过患

    (则悟法师)  贪求五欲是障道的根本,是流转生死轮回的过患。如果我们一味追求五欲,就会增长无尽的贪心,贪心一起必然又会被五欲所缠缚,此时,若想获得生命的解脱自在,是绝对不可能的。

  • 如何与法师相处?如理如法的与出家师父相处

    (网络)  不少人在初学佛时,常会不知如何与法师相处,担心自己的行为会不会失礼。其实,只要心存恭敬,即使不小心犯错,法师多半很慈悲,不但不会怪罪,反而会适切地修正,让我们也可从中多学一课。例如:想向不认识的法师请教佛法,首先在请教法师法号时

  • 舍利花与舍利子怎么来的?有颜色的是舍利花吗?(视频)

    (大安法师)  问题:舍利花、舍利子是从何而来的?火化后的骨灰,有的骨头上有些绿色、蓝色、黄色等颜色,和一些像珊瑚一样的骨头,看起来也很漂亮,这些是舍利花吗?大安法师:对于这个问题,要深信佛法不可思议。你可以做个比较,为什么有些念佛人,助念之后能够烧出舍利花,有各种颜色。那些不信佛的人,没有人助念的人,他的骨灰烧出来是什么情况。你可以做一个对比。

  • 佛教的袈裟为什么没有一件是用完整布料做成的?

    (网络)  同佛教接触过的人都会意外地发现,佛教中没有一件袈裟是用完整的布料做成的。这是怎么回事呢?他们为什么不穿华贵的服饰呢?难道他们不爱美吗?要回答这一系列的问题,我们就不能不了解一些佛教的审美观和价值观。应该说,爱美之心,人皆有之。这一点,佛教也不例外。

  • 区域:中国·广东·汕头
  • 流通处:15913912932
  • 建议:jianyi@gming.org
  • 站务:admin@gming.org
  • 客服QQ:800003736
  • 客服邮箱:hy@gming.org
  • 建议/投稿:1300551969
  • 友情链接:1300659095

2008-2017 Copyrights reserved

教育性、非赢利性、公益性的佛教文化传播机构